Types of Vitamins, their sources and deficiency diseases

Types of Vitamins, their sources and deficiency diseases


Types of Vitamins, their sources and deficiency diseases
Vitamin
Chemical Name
Food Sources
Deficiency Diseases
A
Retinol
Milk, eggs, fish, butter, cheese and liver.
Night blindness, Skin dryness.
B1
Thiamine
Legumes, whole grain, nuts.
Beri-beri.
B2
Riboflavin
Egg, milk, cheese, nuts, bread products.
Inflammation of tongue, sores in the   corners of the mouth.
B3
Niacin or Nicotinic acid
Meat, fish, pea nuts, whole grain.
Skin disease, diarrhoea, depression, dementia.
B5
Pantothenic Acid
Eggs, liver, dairy products.
Fatigue, muscle cramp, pellagra
B6
Pyridoxine
Organ meats, cereals, corn.
Anaemia, kidney stones, nausea, depression.
B12
Cyanocobalamin
Meat, fish.
Pale skin, constipation, fatigue.
C
Ascorbic acid
Oranges, tomatoes, sweet and white potatoes.
Scurvy, anaemia, ability to Fight infections decreases.
D
Calciferol
Direct sunlight, fish oils, eggs.
Rickets, osteomalacia.
E
Tocopherol
Vegetable oils, olives, tomatoes, almonds, meat, eggs.
Neurological problems, problems of reproductive system.
K
Phylloquinone or Naphthoquinone
Soybeans, green leafy vegetables, dairy products, meat.
Failure to clot blood.
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